The History Of LASIK
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Given the rapid advancement of LASIK eye surgery, many patients are curious how it came about. Not surprisingly, the advancement of this surgery is closely related to the advancement of lasers. As lasers became a revolutionary means to solving many medical issues, the laser vision correction surgery became more and more developed.
Prior to the development of lasers, eye surgery was performed with conventional blades. In 1950, Jose Barrquer, a Columbian ophthalmologist developed the first microkeratome. Using this microkeratome, he began making incisions in the cornea and altering the topographical map of the eye.
1983 was the year that Dr. Steven Torkel spoke of the advantages of using lasers over blades in refractive eye surgery. He outlined these benefits in the American Journal of Opthalmology, which was read by millions of experts all over the world. Similarly, scientists in Russia at the same time were exploring similar uses for the excimer laser. Because of this concurrent research, the development of laser vision correction cannot be attributed to one person. LASIK, on the other hand, is typically credited to Gholam Peyman, the first person to receive a patent for LASIK, meaning the entire procedure of ablating the cornea of the eye with a laser.
Since that patent was granted in 1989, huge scientific developments have been made, including the almost-exclusive use of lasers for all components of the surgery, making blade-guided LASIK obsolete.